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Home > English Home > Living in Miyazaki >Consultation Services(March, 2009)

Influenza(November, 2009 )

今回は、インフルエンザについて紹介します。

 

  While winter is a season of exciting events like Christmas and New Year’s, it is also flu season. Swine flu (H1N1) has been spreading since summer of this year; thus, this month’s column will cover the flu, including swine flu (H1N1).

 

<Swine Flu (H1N1) Symptoms>

   Unlike the common seasonal flu we encounter every year, people are without immunity to swine flu (H1N1). Thus, many people fall ill once infected. H1N1-stricken patients develop seasonable flu-like symptoms, including fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, and coughing. Some people also suffer from a runny nose, sore throat, muscle pain, joint pain, vomiting, and diarrhea.

 

<Flu Prevention>

Wear a mask when going out into crowded areas; gargle and wash hands after returning home.

If possible, refrain from venturing out to especially crowded places where many people gather.

Enhance basic physical strength by eating a balanced diet and getting enough sleep.

 

<Proper Coughing Etiquette >

1. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue, and turn your face away when coughing or sneezing.

2. If you use your hands to cover a cough or sneeze, be sure to wash your hands.

3. Wear a mask.

 

<Proper Hand Washing>

Lather hands thoroughly with soap, and wash between fingernails and fingertips with your palm.

Lock hands together and wash thoroughly between fingers.

Rub base of thumb in palm of opposite hand in circular motion, and wash up to the wrists.

Rinse off and wipe hands dry with a clean towel.

 

<Properly Wearing a Mask>

Position upper part of the mask on the bridge of the nose; mask should cover nose, mouth and chin.

Remove mask by the elastic cords, avoid touching the surface of the mask and throw away.

 

<When to See a Doctor Immediately>

   People with chronic illnesses should visit a doctor as soon as possible. Even healthy individuals should see a doctor immediately if the following symptoms develop:

Child: Rapid breathing, difficulty breathing, pale face, persistent vomiting/diarrhea, fidgety,

          no interest in playing, delayed response time, and when symptoms become more severe/frequent.

Adult: Trouble breathing or short of breath, persistent chest pains, persistent vomiting/diarrhea, fever lasting for longer than 3 days, and prolonged symptoms.

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare Website (English):

                http://www.mhlw.go.jp/english/topics/influenza_a/index.html

 

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